Benkovac Test Site
Outdoor test facility intended for tests and evaluation of hand-held mine detection systems, vehicle-mounted systems, robotic systems, UAV-mounted systems and biological detection methods.
Test area (m2): 10.000 m2
1000 mine targets buried in 2000. Three different soil types
Use of explosives: Usage of explosives is allowed, but activation is not allowed. Use of ignition devices and live mine fuses is not allowed.
Office facility: Size: 35 m2
Working hours: Without restriction
Remarks: Advance scheduling obligatory, at least 30 days in advance
Entrance requirements: Entry allowed only with HCR-CTRO personnel.
Remarks: Persons planning to enter the test site should register beforehand
Mechanical workshop: Not at the test site, but this service may be provided upon request.
Compressed air: NO
Distance: Hotel: 20 km (Biograd), 30 km (Zadar)
Railway station: 3 km (Benkovac)
Airport: 25 km (Zadar), 110 km (Split)
Sea port 30 km
The test site and equipment are the property of HCR-CTRO d.o.o.
The test site was established in 2000 for the purpose of testing hand-held mine detection systems and those mounted on vehicles. With development of advanced technologies, the test site is used for testing of robotic systems, biological detection methods, explosive sensors and airborne detection systems.
The test site is divided into 47 lanes.
1. Blind test lanes (39) 47 m long, 1 m wide, mines are buried at 5-27 cm deep. Distance between the lanes is 3 m. The lanes are divided into 1×1 m squares, their furthermost points are marked. The distance of 3 m between the lanes is sufficient to prevent interference from objects in the neighbouring lanes and to enable passage of a vehicle. There is a 3 m wide area along the fence, and 8 m wide area at the entrance, where the office facility is placed and where preparation and training is conducted.
2. Training and testing lanes with publicly known locations of mines (8 lanes):
Three types of soil:
2 lanes: – neighbouring area soil – uncooperative soil
2 lanes: – soil from the continental part of Croatia – cooperative-neutral soil
4 lanes: – local soil from the test site – uncooperative and heterogeneous
Weather conditions enable the use of the test site all the year round. There is almost no snow or frost, and the rains are rare.
In the area intended for blind tests there are 810 mines, 449 false alarm objects and 457 empty spaces.
The following types of mines are buried:
– Antitank: TMM-1, TMA-1A, TMA-2A, TMA-3, TMA-4, TMA-5, TMRP-6
– Antipersonnel: PMA-1A, PMA-2, PMA-3, PMR-2A/2AS, PMR-3, PROM-1
The following types of mines are provided for training and testing:
– Antitank: TMM-1, TMA-3, TMA-4, TMRP-6.
– Antipersonnel: PMA-1A, PMA-2, PMA-3, PROM-1
Other types of mines may be provided on users request.
There is a weather station at the test site
The test site is protected with a fence and there is a 24 hours a day alarm system.
Past, ongoing and planned tests and trials
– Reliability tests of metal detectors, carried out by BAM (Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing – Germany) in 2003 and 2005.
– Demonstration of the work of CEIA metal detectors, carried out upon the request by AKD Mungos company.
– testing of technical performance of metal detectors used by CROMAC.
– in February and March 2006, testing of Japanese robotic buggies and mine detection dual sensors ((Mine Hunter Vehicle -MHV1 i MHV-2, Gryphon, ALIS)
– in September 2006, STEMD project – systematic test and evaluation of metal detectors used in the region of southeast Europe, carried out in collaboration with BAM (German Federal Institute for Material Research and Testing)
– in October 2006, testing of a mine detection scanner in collaboration with Fraunhofer Institute from Germany, as part of the HUMIN/MD project.
– in October 2007, testing of Japanese dual sensor systems ALIS (Advanced Landmine Imaging System) i Gryphon + LAMDAR IV
– in 2009 – use of bees in mine detection – passive method – sampling from the beehives.
– from 2012-2014 – TIRAMISU project within the EU FP7
– from 2014-2018 – trials by Manchester University
– 2016-2019 – trials by St. Andrews University
– 2018 – 2019 – Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb – R&D of metal detectors, field trials
– 2018-2021 – NATO SPS project Biological method (bees) for Explosive Detection
– 2019 – SeaTerra GmbH – itesting of a drone survey system
-2022 – KONTUR AS – field testing and data collection with a UAV 3D GPR system
-2022 – Manchester University – testing of fully integrated detector units
-2022 – The GICHD with support from the HCR-CTRO conducted a trial of the MineKafon airborne demining system